Hulls, Jonathan

SUBJECT AREA: Ports and shipping
[br]
b. 1699 Campden, Gloucestershire, England
d. after 1754
[br]
English inventor (supposed) of the steamboat.
[br]
Hulls was the first in Britain to attempt to employ steam in propelling a vessel in water. His experiment was made on the River Avon at Evesham in 1737, the main idea being to install a Newcomen engine, the only type then known, on a boat in front of the vessel it was intended to propel, and connected to it with a tow-rope. Six paddles in the stern of the tow boat were fastened to a cross axis connected by ropes to another shaft, which was turned by the engine. Hulls undoubtedly showed how to convert the rectilinear motion of a piston into rotary motion, which is an essential principle in steam locomotion, on land or water.
He is described as "the inventor of the Steamboat" on a portrait that once hung at the Institution of Marine Engineers, and his patent for the steamboat is dated 21 December 1736. He published his Description and Draught of a New-Invented Machine ("for carrying vessels or ships out or into any harbour, port or river against wind and tide, or in a calm: for which His Majesty has granted Letters Patent for the sole benefit of the author for the space of 14 years", 1737); this rare book was reprinted in 1855. According to De Morgan, Hull's work probably gave the idea to Symington, as Symington's did to Fulton. Erasmus Darwin had him in mind when he wrote "drag the slow barge". In 1754 Hulls published The Art of Measuring Made Easy by the Help of a New Sliding Scale, which he patented in 1753 together with a machine for weighing gold coins. He also wrote Maltmakers' Instructor.
[br]
Further Reading
S.Smiles, Boulton and Watt, pp. 72–4. De Morgan, Budget of Paradoxes.
IMcN

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hulls, Jonathan — ▪ British inventor born 1699, Campden, Gloucestershire, Eng. died 1758, London  British inventor, possibly the first person ever to devise detailed plans for a steam propelled ship. In 1736 Hulls obtained a patent for a machine to carry “ships… …   Universalium

  • tugboat — /tug boht /, n. a small, powerful boat for towing or pushing ships, barges, etc. Also called towboat, tug. [1820 30, Amer.; TUG + BOAT] * * *   small, powerful watercraft designed to perform a variety of functions, especially to tow or push… …   Universalium

  • Ports and shipping — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Archimedes of Syracuse Armstrong, Sir William George Atwood, George Ayre, Sir Amos Lowrey Barlow, Peter Barnaby, Kenneth C. Barnett, James Rennie Bell, Henry …   Biographical history of technology

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hancock County, Maine — Location of Hancock County in Maine This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Hancock County, Maine. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places… …   Wikipedia

  • Remorqueur — Pour les véhicules, voir Remorqueuse. Les remorqueurs sont des bateaux relativement petits, très puissants et très manœuvrables, servant à guider, tirer, pousser les gros bateaux entrant et sortant des ports, ils les aident en particulier, lors… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Remorqueurs de haute mer — Remorqueur Les remorqueurs sont des bateaux relativement petits, très puissants et très manœuvrants, servant à guider, tirer, pousser les gros bateaux entrant et sortant des ports, ils les aident en particulier, lors des manœuvres d accostage.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oil spill governance in the United States — This article covers oil spill governance under United States federal law. Contents 1 Introduction 2 Timeline of key events 3 Governance framework 3.1 Legislation governing oil spill …   Wikipedia

  • Injective module — In mathematics, especially in the area of abstract algebra known as module theory, an injective module is a module Q that shares certain desirable properties with the Z module Q of all rational numbers. Specifically, if Q is a submodule of some… …   Wikipedia

  • Maritime history of California — History of California This article is part of a series Timeline …   Wikipedia

  • Battlecruiser — Battlecruisers were large warships in the first half of the 20th century that were first introduced by the British Royal Navy. The battlecruiser was developed as the successor to the armoured cruisers, but their evolution was more closely linked… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.